||improve vi. & vt.(使) 進步; 改善
improvement n. 進步
make (a lot of/little) improvement in... 在……上有 (很大/些許的) 進步
例:If you don't listen to your tennis coach, how can you improve?
Listening to English teaching radio programs can help you improve your English.
I hear that your son is making a lot of improvement in his studies.
||How are you doing in...? 你在……做得怎麼樣？
例:How are you doing in your new job?
Not so well, I'm afraid. 恐怕我英文課表現得不怎麼理想。
=I'm afraid (that) I'm not doing so well in my English class.
此處的I'm afraid並不表示『害怕』, 而是一種客氣的用法, 即等於"I think + (that) 子句"的用法。
唯使用"I'm afraid + (that) 子句"比使用"I think + (that) 子句"在語氣上較為婉轉客氣。
例:I'm afraid (that) I can't help you this time.
||How come + 主詞 + 動詞……？ 為什麼……？
=Why + 倒裝句?
使用"How come...?"時, 其後不採倒裝句構, 用直述句即可; 而使用"Why...?"時, 則其後的句子要倒裝。
例:How come didn't you show up at the party? (╳)
→How come you didn't show up at the party? (○)
=Why didn't you show up at the party?
How come do you eat so much? (╳)
→How come you eat so much? (○)
=Why do you eat so much?
||kid vi. & vt. (口語) (與……) 開玩笑 & n. 小孩
例:A: I'm going to quit my job today.
B: Are you kidding?
John was only kidding you when he said he's gay.
＊gay a. (男) 同性戀的
That kid over there looks just like my son.