文法解析
Part A
1.

What time is it, please?  請問現在幾點了?

= What time is it by your watch, please?

請問你的錶現在幾點了?

問句中的it是代名詞, 此處代替時間, 可表示現在、過去、或未來的時間, 在本問句中, it指現在的時間, 譯成『現在』, 不要譯成『它/牠』。

: A: What time is it, please?

  B: It's ten in the morning.

  (甲:請問現在幾點了?)

  (乙:現在是早上十點。)

2.

注意下列表數字的唸法:

  1 one
  3
 three
  5
 five
  7
 seven
  9
 nine
11
 eleven
13
 thirteen
15
 fifteen
17
 seventeen
19
 nineteen
21
 twenty-one
40
 forty
60
 sixty
80
 eighty
100
 one hundred
10,000
 ten thousand
1,000,000
 one million
  2 two
  4
 four
  6
 six
  8
 eight
10
 ten
12
 twelve
14
 fourteen
16
 sixteen
18
 eighteen
20
 twenty
30
 thirty
50
 fifty
70
 seventy
90
 ninety
1,000
 one thousand
100,000
 one hundred thousand
3. 下列亦為表示時間的說法:

a. It's noon.  現在是中午十二點。

=It's twelve noon.

:

It's midnight.  現在是午夜十二點。

= It's twelve midnight.

 

b. It's five past three.  現在是三點五分。

= It's three o five.

 

注意:

1) 此處o雖等於中文的『零』, 但要唸成英文字母"o"的音。

 

2) 301分』至『309分』要唸成:

"three o one""three o two"..."three o nine"

『十分』之後均不需加"o",即:

三點十分: three ten

三點十一分: three eleven

其他表『幾點幾分』均以此類推。如:

一點○二分: one o two/two past one

九點廿九分: nine twenty-nine/twenty-nine past nine

 

c. 分針指到"3"時,可唸成"fifteen"(15) "a quarter"

a quarter原指『四分之一』, 六十分的四分之一即十五分之意。如:

It's one fifteen.  現在是一點十五分。

= It's fifteen past one.

= It's a quarter past one.

但不可說:

It's one a quarter. ()

 

d. 分針指到"6", 可唸成"thirty" (30) "half" (一半)。如:

It's two thirty.  現在是兩點卅分/兩點半。

= It's half past two.

但不可說:

It's two half. ()

 

e. 分針所指的數字超過"6", 則有下列唸法:

It's twenty to five.

= It's four forty.

現在是廿分到五點。

= 現在是五點差廿分。

= 現在是四點四十分。

It's five to ten.

= It's nine fifty-five.

現在是五分到十點

= 現在是十點差五分。

= 現在是九點五十五分。

 

f. 準點 (即分針指到"12") , 表『幾點鐘』有下列說法:

It's one o'clock.  現在是一點。

= It's one.

It's seven o'clock.  現在是七點。

= It's seven.

 

注意:

表『現在是中午十二點/午夜十二點』就不必使用"o'clock"一字。即:

It's twelve noon. ()

It's twelve midnight. ()

It's twelve o'clock noon. (o'clock是贅字)

It's twelve o'clock midnight. (o'clock是贅字)

4. 精確表示時間時, 應唸出『時』、『分』、『秒』, :

: o'clock

: minute

: second

故若表示『現在是五點廿分十八秒』理應說成:

It's five o'clock, twenty minutes, and eighteen seconds.

不過這個唸法實在是太嚕嗦了,故實際應唸成:

It's five twenty and eighteen seconds.

5. 表『現在是上午/下午五點廿分』應唸成:

It's five twenty a.m.  現在是上午五點廿分。

=It's five twenty A.M.

It's five twenty p.m.  現在是下午五點廿分。

=It's five twenty P.M.

 

注意:

a.m.A.M. 是拉丁字ante meridiem (= before midday, 午前) 的縮寫。

p.m.P.M. 是拉丁字post meridiem (= after midday, 午後)的縮寫。現在亦有人省略縮寫符號"", 直接寫成am/AMpm/PM

6. I see.  我明白了。

= I understand.

see是『動詞』, 原指『看見』, :

I see a cat there.  我看見一隻貓在那堙C

see亦可表示『明白』、『了解』之意。

: A: Why can't he come?

  B: He is busy.

  A: I see.

  (甲:他為什麼不能來?)

  (乙:他很忙。)

  (甲:我明白了。)

7.

Is it on time?  它 (這班火車) 準時嗎?

on time  準時

: The train is never late. It is always on time.

  (這班火車從未慢點,它向來都很準時。)

  John comes to work on time every morning.

  (約翰每天都準時來上班。)


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